Tended and harvested with care by human hands, heirloom ko like pakaweli is living again in the very fields abandoned by Big Ag when the sugar industry became unprofitable. It’s juiced fresh to create agricole rum, a very different spirit from the industrial, molasses-based rum that most people are familiar with. They’re about as different from each other as bleached white table sugar is from a juicy bit of ko pulp the ancient Hawaiians might have chewed 800 years ago, to ward off thirst, settle an upset stomach and even brush their teeth.
The pakaweli stalk will be a gift as Kyle visits Oahu’s foremost bartenders at mixology-forward places like the exclusive Bar Leather Apron, Waikiki rooftop Hideout, the speakeasy at Harry’s Hardware Emporium and the ever-innovative The Pig and the Lady. These are true craftspeople. They would quit their jobs if they had to serve one of the syrupy, premixed concoctions that have tarnished the reputation of tropical and tiki drinks like the Mai Tai. Kyle’s always delighted to learn how they’re reviving old favorites and inventing new ones by bringing out the unique flavors of ko - from banana blossoms, lychee and lime fruit to olive brine, anise and grass. And he loves to see bargoers enjoying a taste of agricultural history made new again.
Why did heirloom cane go away, and what made you decide to grow it?There was ko here before contact. But during the Plantation Era, it got pushed to the side for "modern cane” and wasn't grown any more.
Modern canes go straight up and down. They're really rigid. They don't have very much juice. And they're really easy to extract sugar from. They look like bamboo, frankly, just yellow green.
Heirloom canes are purple, and striped, and pink. They have purple leaves. They don't like to grow straight. They bend over. And they're super juicy. Almost everything about them is different. And that's why the plantations didn't like them, because it's hard to deal with things that are different. They're hard to manage, they don't produce as much, they’re harder to grow, harder to understand, and you have to be at the whim of the plant and not vice versa. So there was this change to disease-resistant, sugar-filled, lower-juice-content beasts of agriculture.
The last sugar mill closed on Maui in December 2016. We're on the land of a very old agricultural company that decided they no longer wanted to be in Hawaii. There were jobs lost, there was a void that needed to be filled, and it can be filled in a lot of different ways. It can be filled with condominiums and homes. It can be filled with classic agricultural methods. It can be filled with aquaponic farms, or organic lettuces. There's a lot of possibilities. We chose to try to return it to what we thought would be a beautiful end product.
"Now there's an opportunity to plant these ko again, and to really showcase the beauty of noble cane."
If the heirloom ko was pushed aside by industrial cane, how did you get it?The ko was salvaged by a handful of ethnobotanists and scientists, guys like Dr. Noa Lincoln and his colleagues. Thanks to them, now there's an opportunity to plant these ko again, and to really showcase the beauty of noble cane.
What does noble cane mean?So sugar cane traveled the world starting in either India or Papua New Guinea. The closer to those original varietals, the more noble a cane is. The most noble cane in the world are actually found in Papua New Guinea. The latest research seems to indicate that when it got here, 7 to 10 varieties were around.
Over the last 1000 years, they transformed into the 91 different named varietals Dr. Lincoln uncovered in his research, of which there are 34 genetically distinct varieties (suggesting some overlap in the names).
Amongst the heirloom ko that we grow, we've produced 10 single varietal agricole rums. We've made rums from lahi, pilimai, pakaweli, mahaiula, all these beautiful canes. Our hope is to be able to share all 34 unique varietals individually as shelf-stable, glorious rums so that people can learn and understand the story of those ko as well.
Hawaiian Paddle Sports offers authentic, sustainable eco-tours that empower guests to discover a deeper appreciation of and connection to Hawaii’s marine environment. Guests can choose from private kayak, outrigger canoe, canoe surfing, whale watch, and snorkel tours, or take SUP or surf lessons.
For 31 years, Sea Quest Hawaii has been exploring the unseen Hawaii. Join us for a unique and personal snorkeling excursion along the South Kona Coast at pristine and remote locations. Explore sea caves and lava tubes, search for marine life, and enjoy the best customer service on the Island.
Explore Maui Nui’s ocean environment with the experts at Pacific Whale Foundation through PacWhale Eco-Adventures top-rated Whalewatches, as well as award-winning snorkel cruises to Molokini & Turtle Arches, Lanai and Honolua Bay; Dolphin Watch ecotours; Sunset Dinner and Cocktail Cruises.
Let Hawaii Forest & Trail show you an authentic Oahu, utilizing our unparalleled land access and interpretive guiding approach to provoke authentic place-based experiences that illuminate the island’s unique regions through in-depth interactions with our nature and culture. Our Hawaii Oahu tours offer a different perspective.
Cruise the reefs in style on Kona's largest custom dive charter. Dance with mantas. Dive or snorkel with Kona's amazing marine life. Experience the mystery and magic of black water. Receive $10 off by booking online at konahonudivers.com. Use promo code gohawaii.
Atlantis Submarines offers a one-of-a-kind underwater experience off the shorelines of Oahu, Maui, and Hawaii Island, giving guests a close-up view of an array of marine life, exotic tropical reefs and numerous sunken vessels.
Snorkel with award-winning Fair Wind Cruises! Located on the Big Island of Hawaii, our snorkeling tour travels up the Kona Coast to snorkel at historic Kealakekua Bay marine sanctuary, site of Captain Cook Monument. Our family friendly tours will be the highlight of your Kona, Hawaii vacation!
Atlantis Submarines offers a one-of-a-kind underwater experience off the shorelines of Oahu, Maui, and Hawaii Island, giving guests a close-up view of an array of marine life, exotic tropical reefs and numerous sunken vessels. It's like swimming in a giant aquarium, but staying dry the whole time!